Pons - between midbrain and medulla oblongata
- Conduction pathway between higher and lower brain centers
- Middle cerebellar peduncles connect pons with the cerebellum
- Some pons nuclei (pneumotaxic and apneustic) are respiratory centers that help maintain normal rhythm of breathing.
Obligatory Anatomy Diagram of the Day:
Nervous system as requested by aebl
1- Afferent Neuron – Moving away from a central organ or point
2- Relays messages from receptors to the brain or spinal cord
Sensory neurons are nerve cells within the nervous system responsible for converting external stimuli from the organism’s environment into internal electrical impulses.
For example, some sensory neurons respond to tactile stimuli and can activate motor neurons in order to achieve muscle contraction.
Such connections between sensory and motor neurons underlie motor reflex loops and several forms of involuntary behavior, including pain avoidance.
In humans, such reflex circuits are commonly located in the spinal cord.